As the highly toxic pollutants will seriously harm human health, it is particularly important to establish the analysis and detection technology of food pollutants. Compared with the traditional detection methods, fluorescent detection technique based on nanomaterials trigger wide interesting because of reduced detection time, simple operation, high sensitivity and selectivity and economic. In this review, the application of fluorescent sensors in food pollutants detection is presented. Firstly, conventional fluorescent nanomaterials including metal-based quantum dots, carbon-based quantum dots and metal nanoclusters were summarized, with emphasis on the photoluminescence mechanism. Then, the fluorescence sensors based on these nanomaterials for food pollutants detection were discussed, involving in the established methods, sensor mechanisms, sensitivity, selectivity and practicability of fluorescence sensors. The selected analytes focus on five types of higher toxic food pollutants, including mycotoxins, foodborne pathogens, pesticide residues, antibiotic residues, and heavy metal ions. Finally, outlook on the future and potential development of fluorescence detection technology in the field of food science were proposed, including green synthesis and reusability of fluorescence probes, large-scale industrialization of sensors, nondestructive testing of samples and degradation of harmful substances.

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Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.