Rapid identification of herbal toxins using electrospray laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry for emergency care
The unintentional ingestion of toxic compounds in herbs is not uncommon in many parts of the world. To provide timely and life-saving care in the emergency department, it is essential to develop a point-of-care analytical method that can rapidly identify these toxins in herbs. Since electrospray laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry (ELDI/MS) has been successfully used to characterize non-volatile chemical compounds without sample preparation, it was used to identify toxic herbal compounds in this study. The herbal toxins were collected either by sweeping a metallic probe across the surface of a freshly cut herb section or by directly sampling extracts of ground herbal powder. The analytes on the probe were then desorbed, ionized and detected using ELDI/MS, wherein analysis of the herbal toxins was completed within 30 s. This approach allows for the rapid morphological recognition of herbs and early point-of-care identification of herbal toxins for emergency management and is promising in providing important toxicological information to ensure appropriate medical treatment. © 2019
Su, H.; Liu, K.-T.; Chen, B.-H.; Lin, Y.-P.; Jiang, Y.-M.; Tsai, Y.-H.; Chang, F.-R.; Shiea, J.; and Lee, C.-W.
"Rapid identification of herbal toxins using electrospray laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry for emergency care,"
Journal of Food and Drug Analysis: Vol. 27
, Article 10.
Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfda.2018.11.001
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