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Elemental profile and oxygen isotope ratio (δ18O) for verifying the geographical origin of Chinese wines


The elemental profile and oxygen isotope ratio (δ18O) of 188 wine samples collected from the Changji, Mile, and Changli regions in China were analyzed by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES) and isotope ratio mass spectrometry (IRMS), respectively. By combining the data of δ18O and the concentration data of 52 elements, the analysis of variance (ANOVA) technique was firstly applied to obtain the important descriptors for the discrimination of the three geographical origins. Ca, Al, Mg, B, Fe, K, Rb, Mn, Na, P, Co, Ga, As, Sr, and δ18O were identified as the key explanatory factors. In the second step, the key elements were employed as input variables for the subsequent partial least squares discrimination analysis (PLS-DA) and support vector machine (SVM) analyses. Then, cross validation and random data splitting (training set: test set = 70:30, %) were performed to avoid the over-fitting problem. The average correct classification rates of the PLS-DA and SVM models for the training set were both 98%, while for the test set, these values were 95%, 97%, respectively. Thus, it was suggested that the combination of oxygen isotope ratio (δ18O) and elemental profile with multi-step multivariate analysis is a promising approach for the verification of the considered three geographical origins of Chinese wines. © 2018

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Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.