Fatty acid composition and antibacterial potential of Cassia tora (leaves and stem) collected from different geographic areas of India
The comparative analysis of the fatty acid composition of Cassia tora (leaves and stem) was determined using gas chromatography–mass spectrometry. Twenty-seven fatty acids were identified in C. tora (leaves and stem) which was collected from three different geographical areas of India: Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh), Nainital (Uttarakhand), and Bhavnagar (Gujarat), coded as CT-1, CT-2, and CT-3, respectively. The gas chromatography–mass spectrometry analysis showed the presence of various saturated and unsaturated fatty acids. The major fatty acids found were palmitic acid, linoleic acid, linolenic acid, margaric acid, melissic acid, and behenic acid. The highest amounts of saturated fatty acids were found in leaves of C. tora collected from Bhavnagar (Gujarat) (60.7% ± 0.5%). Thus, the study reveals that C. tora has a major amount of nutritionally important fatty acids, along with significant antimicrobial potential. Fatty acids play a significant role in the development of fat products with enhanced nutritional value and clinical application. Remarkable differences were found in the present study between fatty acid profiles of C. tora collected from different locations in India. To the best of our knowledge there is no previously reported comparative study of the fatty acids of C. tora. © 2017
Shukla, S.; Hegde, S.; Kumar, A.; Chaudhary, G.; Tewari, S.K.; Upreti, D.K.; and Pal, M.
"Fatty acid composition and antibacterial potential of Cassia tora (leaves and stem) collected from different geographic areas of India,"
Journal of Food and Drug Analysis: Vol. 26
, Article 43.
Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfda.2016.12.010
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