Gastrodia elata Blume is commonly used as a medical herb in China for ameliorating headaches, dizziness, and convulsions. In previous studies, water extracts of G. elata Bl. (WGE) have demonstrated potential to act as therapeutic agents to improve depression-like symptoms in rats. As gastrodin (GAS) is a major active compound in WGE, its quantitation in WGE is important for quality control. The objective of this study was to develop an optimized and validated reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography method for the analysis of GAS in different sources of WGE. We evaluated the GAS content in varieties of G. elata Bl. including G. elata Bl. f. glauca S. Chow and G. elata Bl. f. elata. We also evaluated the GAS content of the latter variety from two different origins, Yun-nan and Hu-nan. The results indicate that the amount of GAS analyzed in WGE from G. elata Bl. f. glauca S. Chow is five times higher than that of G. elata Bl. f. elata from Yun-nan and Hu-nan. A significant difference in GAS content was observed between varieties of G. elata Bl., although not between locations of origin. © 2015, Food and Drug Administration, Taiwan. Published by Elsevier Taiwan LLC.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.