Antioxidant activities and contents of flavonoids and phenolic acids of Talinum triangulare extracts and their immunomodulatory effects
In this study, leaves and stems of Talinum triangulare were sequentially extracted with phosphate buffer solution to obtain PTL and PTS (phosphate buffered extracts of T. triangulare leaves and stems), with 75% ethanol to obtained ETL and ETS (ethanol extracts of T. triangulare leaves and stems), or with 90°C boiling water to obtain WTL and WTS (water extracts of T. triangulare leaves and stems). We investigated the antioxidant activities of various T. triangulare extracts, analyzed the extracts' stimulations on human mononuclear cell (MNC) growth and secretion of cytokines (interleukin-1 beta, interferon-γ, and tumor necrosis factor-α) and nitric oxide, and then assayed their subsequent inhibitions on human leukemic U937 cell growth. Results indicated that extracts of T. triangulare showed significant antioxidant activities. Among these extracts, WTS showed the highest stimulatory effect on human MNC growth. The secretion levels of interleukin-1 beta, interferon-γ, and tumor necrosis factor-α in the conditioned medium, wherein human MNC was treated with 500 μg/mL WTS for 72 hours, were 1275, 859, and 2222 pg/mL, respectively. All conditioned media obtained from human MNCs cultured with various T. triangulare extracts showed significant inhibition against U937 cell growth of over 40%. These results suggest that T. triangulare extracts may be used in health foods for their immunomodulatory potential. © 2014, Food and Drug Administration, Taiwan. Published by Elsevier Taiwan LLC. All rights reserved.
Liao, D.Y.; Chai, Y.C.; Wang, S.H.; Chen, C.W.; and Tsai, M.S.
"Antioxidant activities and contents of flavonoids and phenolic acids of Talinum triangulare extracts and their immunomodulatory effects,"
Journal of Food and Drug Analysis: Vol. 23
, Article 8.
Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfda.2014.07.010
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