To build capacity and collaborative research for future cross-national studies in the Asian and Pacific Islander (API) region, priority research topics were identified and discussed at the April 2013 Conference to Promote Global Health in Taipei. These topics included: (1) neuroscience on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/hepatitis C virus (HCV) and amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS), led by Drs Linda Chang, Gene-Jack Wang, and Betty Tai; (2) ATS and mental health disorders, led by Drs Richard Rawson and Wilson Compton; and (3) HIV/HCV transmission and social networks, led by Drs Steven Shoptaw and Jacques Normand. Potential genetic studies spanning these topical areas as well as the importance of smoking cessation were further discussed, led by Dr Ming Li. Additional priority research topics were also identified: (4) drug use prevention; and (5) family involvement to improve treatment adherence and recovery. Workgroups on these topics will be formed to prioritize research questions within the respective topical area and to determine the next steps. The ultimate goal of these workgroups is to stimulate collaboration that will eventually lead to research studies addressing critical issues related to the rising substance abuse and HIV infection rates in many Asian countries and, at the same time, to advance the scientific knowledge of substance abuse and HIV infection. Copyright © 2013, Food and Drug Administration, Taiwan.

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