Article Title

In vitro skin permeation of buprenorphine transdermal patch


This study was aimed to develop the new transdermal formulation to improve the permeability of buprenorphine. The apparent partition coefficients of buprenorphine were measured using the buffers at pH 1.2 to 10.0 as aqueous phase. The solubility of buprenorphine was 12.97 μg/ mL in the 0.1 M phosphate buffer at pH 6.8. The influences of vehicles at different pH, adhesives, and permeation enhancers on the penetration of buprenorphine through nude mouse skin were investigated using the static Franz diffusion cells. The permeation parameter Jss of buprenorphine increased along with the reduction of the pH of receptor fluid, and the vehicle at pH 6.8 was used in the following skin permeation studies. The pressure sensitive adhesives (PSA) including polyisobutylene (PIB), polystyrene-block-polyisoprene-block-polystyrene (SIS), and acrylic adhesives were evaluated. The permeability of buprenorphine was higher in the PIB or SIS adhesives than that in the acrylic adhesives under the condition without enhancer. When combined the enhancers with propylene glycol (PG) to improve the penetration of buprenorphine, the permeation-enhancing effects of enhancers were in the following order: lauric acid > linolenic acid > menthol > oleic acid > N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) > laurocapram > glabridin. Finally, a matrix-type transdermal delivery system for buprenorphine was formulated using acrylic adhesive, PG, and lauric acid. The Jss parameter was 2.68 ± 0.20 μg/cm2/h and buprenorphine permeated across the nude mouse skin was 31.68%.

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