Article Title

Simultaneous determination of eleven quinolones antibacterial residues in marine products and animal tissues by liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection


A simple and efficient multiresidue method was developed for determining 11 quinolones (QNs; marbofloxacin, norfloxacin, ciprofloxacin, lomefloxacin, danofloxacin, enrofloxacin, sarafloxacin, difloxacin, oxolinic acid, nalidixic acid and flumequine) in chicken, pork, fish and shrimp. The analytes were extracted with 0.3% metaphosphoric acid and acetonitrile (1:1, v/v), followed by a HLB cartridge clean-up procedure. The HPLC separation was carried out on a symmetry column C-18 (250 mm × 4.5 mm id., 5 μm) with linear gradient elution of 0.1% formic acid and acetonitrile as mobile phase and programmable fluorescence detection. The method was validated by spiking blank animals tissues at three different levels (25, 50 and 250 ng/g; except 6.25, 12.5 and 62.5 ng/g for DAN) while the linearity, detection limit, quantification limit, precision and accuracy were checked. Mean recoveries of 11 QNs from edible animal tissues were 71.7-105.3%. The limits of quantification in different muscle tissues ranged from 5.0 to 28.0 ng/g. The results showed this method was simple, rapid, sensitive and suitable for routine tests.

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