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Article Title

Production of angiotensin I-converting enzyme inhibitor derived from egg white protein hydrolysates using a membrane reactor

Abstract

Egg white proteins (EWP) were hydrolyzed with four proteolytic enzymes, including Thermolysin, Alcalase, Esperase and Chymotrysin, to produce hydrolysates with angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory activity. The result indicated that EWP hydrolyzed for 0.5-24 hr with Thermolysin produced the highest ACE inhibitory activity among the four enzymes. Therefore, EWP-Thermolysin hydrolysate was produced and further fractionated using several membranes with molecular weight cut-off (MWCO) of 10,000, 3,000 and 1,000 daltons, sequentially. The 1 kDa permeate obtained from the hydrolysate treatment using 1,000 daltons MWCO membrane could further reduce its IC50 value from 54.1 to 17.2 μg protein/mL. A lower IC50 value represented higher ACE inhibitory activity. The operation stability study showed that the membrane reactor system could maintain a steady production of EWP-Thermolysin hydrolysate over 8 hr. The gastrointestinal protease in vitro effect on the ACE inhibitory activity of 1 kDa permeate indicated that gastrointestinal proteases have no significant effect (p > 0.05) on the ACE inhibitory activity of 1 kDa permeate.

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