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Article Title

Protein hydrolysate batch production with angiotensin I-converting enzyme inhibitory activity form egg whites

Abstract

Peptides derived from egg whites by thermolysin digestion were fractionated and characterized to investigate their inhibitory activity against angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE). The antihypertensive effect of egg white hydrolysates in strain SHR spontaneously hypertensive rats was also investigated. At optimal conditions, pH 8, 60°C, and (E)/(S) = 0.02%, digestion of 1% crude egg white solution by thermolysin was carried for 4 hours. The recovery yield from the supernatant after centrifugation was around 80%. The hydrolysate showed high ACE inhibitory activity (IC50 = 33 μg/mL) and imparted neither bitter taste nor the iron odor of egg whites. Sequential ultra-filtration of hydrolysate with MW cut-off 10,000, 3,000 and 1,000 Da resulted in increased activity from each filtrate up to IC50 = 17 μg/mL. Thermolysin was recycled from the hydrolysate for subsequent batch use for a total of four batches without reduction in anti-hypertensive activity. The hydrolysate demonstrated an anti-hypertensive activity in spontaneously hypertensive rats at an orally administrated dosage of 0.2 g/kg body weight.

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